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Glossary

Definitions to understand your favorite pieces a little better

  • 3/2 LAPEL

    A rolled lapel that extends below the first of three buttons, concealing the top button, giving the jacket a two-button look.
  • BARREL CUFFS

    Single-lined cuffs with a button closure.
  • BENGAL STRIPE

    Colorfully striped fabric originally produced in Bengal, India; used for sport shirts, pajamas and more.
  • BESOM POCKET

    Pocket with a stitched fold on both the upper and lower sides.
  • BLADE

    The wider front section of a necktie.
  • BLAZER STRIPE

    Wide-spaced thin stripes.
  • BOX PLEAT

    A two-sided fold in the garment resembling a panel, with the edges facing opposite directions. Often used at the back yoke of a sport shirt for ease of movement.
  • BROADCLOTH

    Plain, closely woven fabric, lighter than poplin and finely textured.
  • CALFSKIN

    High-grade calfskin is a fine-grained leather that withstands scuffing, wears well and polishes to a high, clear finish.
  • CANDY STRIPE

    Equal-width stripes of a color and white; used for shirts and sportswear.
  • CANVAS

    A jacket interlining comprised of multiple layers of flexible material that provides shape, structure and resiliency.
  • CAPTOE

    A plaintoe with a leather “cap” stitched in place over the toe box. The edge of the cap that is closest to the lace area usually has a straight cut edge and two or three rows of stitching to hold it in place. Also known as a straight captoe.
  • CENTER VENT

    A split in the center lower part of a garment.
  • CHESTERFIELD

    A plain-back, slightly shaped overcoat, in either a single- breasted fly front or a double-breasted style. Named for the sixth Earl of Chesterfield and considered by many to be the most formal and classic coat.
  • COLLAR STAYS

    Thin brass or plastic strips that run down the inside of the collar to the points to give it a flat appearance; can be permanent or removable.
  • CREWNECK

    A high, round collarless neckline with a rib finishing. Popularized by crew racers, this neckline is popular in T-shirts and sweaters.
  • DARTS

    A fold of fabric stitched to a point at one or both ends, giving shape to a garment.
  • DOBBY

    Fabric with small figures woven in, such as dots, geometric designs, floral patterns, etc. They are found in shirt and tie fabrics.
  • DOUBLE BREASTED

    Term applied to a jacket or coat in which the fabric overlaps by a few inches in the front. There are two vertical rows of buttons and a single row of buttonholes with a single button on the underside to secure the fabric on the inside.
  • DUFFLE COAT

    A heavy, usually woolen medium-length coat with toggle fasteners and a hood.
  • EGYPTIAN COTTON

    Usually a better-quality cotton fiber produced in Egypt that is stronger and more lustrous than other grades of cotton.
  • EMBOSSED LEATHER

    Leather treated with heat and pressure in a hydraulic press to give it a grained look.
  • END-ON-END

    Broadcloth, chambray, madras or other fabric having alternating warp yarn, usually one in color and one in white.
  • EXOTIC LEATHERS

    Exotic leathers include shark, fish, alligator or other unusual animal skins.
  • EXTENDED WAISTBAND

    A waistband with an extended inner edge, usually with a button or hook to fasten on the inside. This provides for a smoother look.
  • FLANNEL

    A loosely woven fabric with a napped surface to conceal the weave.
  • FLAP POCKETS

    A pocket with an extended flap forming the closure, as on an envelope.
  • FRENCH CUFFS

    Shirt cuffs with square or round edges that turn back and are worn with cuff links.
  • FULL CANVAS

    Canvasing that extends past the exterior pockets to the bottom of the garment. A full canvas is a hallmark of the finest jacket that is made.
  • GABARDINE

    A distinctive diagonal warp twill; tightly woven fabric.
  • GARMENT DYED

    Fabric dyed after the garment is sewn. Results in deeper colors and a softer feel.
  • GOODYEAR® WELT CONSTRUCTION

    Shoe anatomy term. A welt is stitched to the upper and the insole rib at the point where the upper curves under the last. The hollow between the upper and the sole is filled with granulated cork for support, cushioning and breathability. The sole is then sewn to the welt with a chain stitch through a channel in the sole leather.
  • HALF CANVAS

    Canvasing that extends from the top of the shoulder to the top of the pocket and through the lapel.
  • HERRINGBONE

    A broken-twill weave giving a zigzag effect produced by alternating the direction of the twill.
  • HOUNDSTOOTH

    A check with jagged edges resembling a dog’s tooth.
  • JACQUARD

    A fabric of intricate variegated weave or pattern.
  • JERSEY

    A knit fabric with a slight rib on one side, used for sport shirts, sportswear and underwear.
  • KEEPER

    On a belt, leather or metal device for holding the end of a belt in place. On a tie, the loop at the back of the blade that keeps the tail in place.
  • LAMBSWOOL

    The first fleece sheared from a lamb aged 6 to 8 months old. It is a very fine quality, softly textured, but not as strong as fully developed wool of the same sheep later in life.
  • LINEN

    A crisp, breathable fabric made of fibers removed from the stem of the flax plant.
  • LINING

    In footwear, the layer of leather used to cover the inside of the shoe.
  • MADRAS

    A cloth created by overlapping weaves of alternating colors. The weave is looser but similar to broadcloth. It is named for Madras, India, an early source of textiles.
  • MEDALLION CAPTOE

    A style of shoe with a perforated design at the toe cap.
  • MERINO WOOL

    From the Merino sheep. A strong, fine fiber with superior warmth, and is considered the best wool.
  • MOLESKIN

    Brushed heavy durable cotton that produces a suede-like effect. So called because it is said to resemble the fur of a mole.
  • MONK STRAP

    A style in which a strap comes over the instep of the vamp, and is closed with a buckle on the outstep side of the shoe.
  • NIGHTSHIRT

    Pullover sleeping garment of woven cotton extending to above ankle length.
  • NOTCH LAPEL

    Type of lapel on which the top line slants down in line with the collar seam.
  • NUBUCK

    A velvety leather produced by produced by buffing the exterior of the hide.
  • OXFORD CLOTH

    A plain weave fabric of medium or heavy weight. The majority of oxfords are of combed yarns, and are given a silk-like luster finish. It has a characteristic pebbly basketweave construction.
  • PATENT LEATHER

    Patent leather is finished to a hard, glossy surface and coated with varnish or enamel.
  • PEACOAT

    A heavy, double-breasted dark blue woolen jacket, originally worn by sailors.
  • PEAK LAPEL

    A type of lapel on which the top line slants up from the horizontal, coming to a point and leaving only a narrow space between the collar and lapel.
  • PENNY LOAFER

    A slip-on shoe with a slotted strap in which a penny can be placed.
  • PERFORATED CAPTOE

    A captoe in which the edge closest to the lace area has perforations in the leather. Also known as perf captoe.
  • PICK STITCH

    A stitch with spaces in between each stitch.
  • PINPOINT

    A tightly woven fabric with a high thread count per inch, making the fabric very soft, like a silk or broadcloth.
  • PINSTRIPE

    Fine stripes resulting from the use of white, gray or other yarns in series in the warp of a worsted fabric.
  • PIPING

    Narrow fold, braid or cord used to decorate or finish the edges or pockets of a garment.
  • PIQUÉ

    A dobby weave fabric with a diamond design.
  • PLACKET

    A finished opening in a garment section. On the front of a shirt, it is used for placement of buttonholes.
  • PLAINTOE

    A shoe that has an unadorned toe area.
  • POLO COAT

    A single- or double- breasted outercoat of heavy or light camel hair with set-in or raglan sleeves, patch pockets with flaps, and a half-belt or all-around belt.
  • POLO SHIRT

    A close-fitting pullover with a button placket and a knit collar.
  • POPLIN

    Tightly woven, durable cotton made with a plain weave and a more pronounced rib than broadcloth.
  • QUARTER-TOP POCKET

    Also known as slash pockets, the opening edge forms a diagonal from the waistband to the side seam.
  • RAGLAN SLEEVE

    A sleeve with a seam extending at an angle from the armhole to the collar.
  • SEA ISLAND COTTON

    Grown primarily in the West Indies. One of the longest cotton fibers in the world. Sea Island cotton has the softness of cashmere and the luster of silk, providing unrivaled comfort and luxury.
  • SEERSUCKER

    Washable fabric with crinkled stripes made by altering the tension of the warp threads. It comes in stripes, plaids, checks or prints, and is used for sportswear, pajamas and robes.
  • SHAWL COLLAR

    A turned-over collar of a garment that combines with the lapel, forming an unbroken curving line.
  • SHIRRING

    A gathering of fabric made by drawing up the material along two or more parallel lines of stitching.
  • SHIRT STUDS

    A set of solid buttons with a shank or eye on the back inserted through a buttonhole; primarily used on formal shirts.
  • SINGLE-BREASTED

    Closing with a narrow overlap and fastened down the front with a single row of buttons.
  • SLUB

    a thick, unevenly twisted place in yarn. May be deliberately inserted in a fancy yarn, or may be a flaw in yarn that is supposed to be of uniform diameter.
  • SUEDE

    Suede has a napped surface and is made from the buffed inner surface of hides.
  • SUPIMA®

    American-grown extra-long staple (ELS) cotton that combines luxurious properties like softness and luster with practical advantages such as sturdiness and resistance to pilling.
  • TAIL

    The narrower back section of a necktie.
  • TARTAN

    A plaid design of Scottish origin consisting of stripes of varying widths and colors usually patterned to designate a distinctive regional clan.
  • TASSEL LOAFER

    Slip-ons with tassels attached over the vamp.
  • TATTERSALL

    A uniformly square pattern of lines of two or more colors forming squares on a solid background.
  • TICKET POCKET

    A small pocket on the right-hand side of a jacket or coat just above the regular pocket. It provides a conveniently accessible place for tickets or coins.
  • TIPPING

    A band or strip of fabric or other material at the edge (neck, sleeve, hem, etc.) of a garment.
  • TOGGLE

    A crosspiece of wood, metal or other material attached to a rope, cord or chain and designed to be inserted in the loop of a cord as a closure on a garment.
  • TROPICAL WOOL

    Lightweight suiting weighing from 6 to 11 ounces per yard, made in a variety of weaves; it is used for suits and sportswear.
  • TWEED

    Rough-twilled fabric made with several different shades of wool to give it a distinctive flecked appearance.
  • TWILL

    Basic weave characterized by diagonal lines on the surface of the fabric.
  • UPPER

    Refers to all parts or sections of the shoe above the insole that are stitched or otherwise joined together to become a unit. The upper consists of the vamp (the “front” of the shoe), the quarter (the sides and back) and the lining.
  • WAISTCOAT

    A vest usually worn under a tuxedo jacket.
  • WELT POCKET

    A set-in pocket with one wide band at the opening; often found as the chest pocket on a sport coat.
  • WELT

    In shoe construction: a strip of leather that joins the upper to the sole. Welts give added flexibility to a shoe. A quality shoemaker can resole a shoe many times by removing an old sole from the welt and then stitching a new one in place, using the older stitch holes as a guide.
  • WINDOWPANE

    Design formed by stripes running vertically and horizontally in an arrangement resembling the framework of a window.
  • WING COLLAR

    A collar style resembling a wing in appearance, win which the tips of the collar extend out like wings.
  • YOKE

    A fitted or shaped piece at the shoulders of a shirt.

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